Exhibitions

exhibition_1937In the exhibition pavilion in main entrance of the Memorial Complex the exhibition "in 1940. Katyn affair. Past and Present" is located, films about the history of the Katyn tragedy and the life of the memorial, a wide range of souvenirs and ceremonial products, a selection of local history literature, own publications of the memorial: "The Bulletin of the Katyn memorial "and" Ways of memory" are offered.

In the museum and exhibition center there is an exhibition "1937 in the country of victorious socialism. From the history of the Soviet Smolensk region. "

Excursions on the territory of the memorial complex is carried out for groups (up to 25 people):
• pupils, students and retirees - 400 rubles
• Adults - 600 rubles
• mixed groups (adults and students) - 500 rubles
• foreign nationals in English or in Polish - 800 rubles

Tour for individual visitors (up to 4 persons) - 400 rubles

For organized groups up to 20 people transport services are available. Excursion with the provision of these services - 1,000 rubles for schools and inmates of a children's homes, and for the rest - 1150 rubles

Excursion around city of Smolensk, "Smolensk. View from the Past" - 800 rubles

Visiting a museum, exhibition center:
• For children, pupils and students - 10 rubles
• Adults - 30 rubles
• For foreign nationals - 50 rubles

Payment for photos and video:
• the exhibition "1937 in the country of victorious socialism" - 50 rubles

The staff of the Memorial "Katyn" conducts the museum lectures:
• For preschool and primary school age lesson "Grandmother's Chest", an ecological excursion "Hello, forest!" and the lesson "The New Year Eve. The return of Tales"

• For pupils of 5-7 classes lessons "... From the taiga to the British seas the Red Army is the strongest!," "Forward, forward, beautiful girlfriends ..."," Soviet School Years, "as well as the lessons-guided tours"Church - is something more than we are... "and"Journey to the history" which is a preparatory stage to the perception of theme "Katyn tragedy".

• For students of 9-11 classes, lectures "Red Terror", "Dispossession and collectivization", "The Great Terror" are developed to explain the mechanisms of the repressive policies.


"1937 in the country of victorious socialism. From the history of the Soviet Smolensk region. "

Exhibition is dedicated to the events of one calendar year - The thirty-seventh, the most controversial one in the history of the Soviet Union. In the consciousness of contemporary Russian society 1937th year was one of the most tragic symbols of the XX century. The thirty-seventh - is a huge scale of repression that engulfed all regions of the USSR and allwithout any exception social strata, from the top management to apolitical workers and peasants. However, the brutal state terrorism was only one of the Soviet reality sides.

In the 1937 the industrialization pursued by barbarous methods, through the destruction of the peasant way of life, with the use of gulag prisoners, at great human cost was completed. In Smolensk, an important new building was a flax factory, the construction site which was spread over 17 acres. Over two thousand enthusiasts worked selflessly for the construction of this facility. Important significance for the country's defense has been the construction of the Moscow – Minsk highway. Prisoners from the camp “Vyazemlag” built this road.

By the 1937th ended the collectivization of agriculture, implemented by force, with the active resistance of the peasantry. In the Smolensk region by the end of 1935 - in the collective farms were 90% of farms, and in 1937 - all the peasants became farmers.

In 1937 the Soviet Union was declared "the country of victorious socialism", according to the Constitution adopted in December 1936. In fact, the practice of the life of Soviet people differed from the proclaimed socialist ideas, the standard of living of the population still remained low. Many of the rights and freedoms established by the Constitution of 1936, in fact, were not provided. Power of workers, as represented by the deputies, was replaced by the Communist government - the party personally and General Secretary of the CPSU (B) - Communist Party of the Soviet Union J.V. Stalin the worship of whom reached its peak in 1937.

On 3 March 1937, at the Plenum of the CPSU (b) Stalin said about the necessity of mass terror as "in process of strengthening the foundations of socialism the class struggle intensifies". In July - August of 1937 the country hit a number of central punitive operations, approved by Stalin and the Politburo of the CPSU (b) the destruction of "anti-Soviet elements." Smolensk region is one of the most affected by the political repression during the period of 1937-1938. In the region, according to incomplete data, were executed 7082 people. Most were shot in the cellars of the NKVD and in Smolensk prisons and were secretly buried in the Katyn forest.

Characters of the exhibition - the inhabitants of the Smolensk region, who shared with all Soviet people the country's future.

Smolensk region in 1937 is a picturesque scene of the Russian experience, reflected in the life of a typical region, ruled by its small Stalins, and beat the targets at Smolensk plants its Stakhanovs. In 1937, together with the whole country Smolensk celebrated the 20th anniversary of Soviet regime  and its trusted guardian - the state security, praising the great Russian poet - AS Pushkin, participated in the elections to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

The exhibition presents Russian province in terms of interaction between politics and everyday life. The reflection of the political events of the Smolensk region is related to the lives of ordinary people. The materials depict everyday household furnishings, street scenes, places of work and recreation, show what the person in the region read in the newspapers, what he feared and the difficulties he came across, who was he proud of, whom he idolized, what he was keen on, where and how his children learned, the way he exercised his rights and carried out duties as a Soviet citizen.